The Winter Soldier Investigation took place in Detroit, MI from January 31 - February 2, 1971. One hundred and nine Vietnam veterans and sixteen civilians gathered to testify and make public statements about atrocities in which they took part or witnessed during their tours in Vietnam, from 1963-1970. The highly controversial statements of these veterans have been the subject of a great deal of investigation and debate over the years.
John Kerry attended the Winter Soldier Investigations as an observer and briefly moderated several panel discussions. He was deeply moved by the veterans’ testimony. It motivated him to take an even more active role in the VVAW and to convince the group to march on Washington to demonstrate for an immediate end to the war.
When addressing the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and in other public statements regarding atrocities committed in Vietnam, John Kerry made reference to testimony he heard at the Winter Soldier Investigation.